Artificial Intelligence (“AI”) research focuses on the realization of AI, which is the enabling of computers to possess intelligence and become capable of learning and acting autonomously. AI will assume a significant role in the future of mankind in a wide range of areas, such as Industry, Medicine, Education, Culture, Economics, Politics, Government, etc. However, it is undeniable that AI technologies can become detrimental to human society or conflict with public interests due to abuse or misuse.
To ensure that AI research and development remains beneficial to human society, AI researchers, as highly specialized professionals, must act ethically and in accordance with their own conscience and acumen. AI researchers must listen attentively to the diverse views of society and learn from it with humility. As technology advances and society develops, AI researchers should consistently strive to develop and deepen their sense of ethics and morality independently.
The Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence (JSAI) hereby formalizes the Ethical Guidelines to be applied by its members. These Ethical Guidelines shall serve as a moral foundation for JSAI members to become better aware of their social responsibilities and encourage effective communications with society. JSAI members shall undertake and comply with these guidelines.
7. Principles of human dignity and individual autonomy
Published by: Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications (MIC), the Government of Japan in Draft AI Utilization Principles
Users should respect human dignity and individual autonomy in the utilization of AI systems or AI services.
[Main points to discuss]
A) Respect for human dignity and individual autonomy
With consideration of social contexts in the utilization of AI, users may be expected to respect human dignity and individual autonomy.
B) Attention to the manipulation of human decision making, emotions, etc. by AI
Users may be expected to pay attention to the risks of the manipulation of human decision making and emotions by AI and risks of excessive dependence on AI.
It is crucial to consider who takes what measures against such risks.
C) Reference to the discussion of bioethics, etc. in the case of linking AI systems with the human brain and body
When linking AI with the human brain and body, users may be required to particularly take into consideration that human dignity and individual autonomy will not be violated, in light of discussions on bioethics, etc.
1. Harmony and Human friendly
The goal of AI development should be to promote the well being of humankind. It should conform to human values and ethical principles, promote human machine harmony, and serve the progress of human civilization. The development of AI should be based on the premise of ensuring social security and respecting human rights, and should prevent misuse, abuse and evil use of AI technology by all means.
We will promote human values, freedom and dignity
1. AI should improve society, and society should be consulted in a representative fashion to inform the development of AI
2. Humanity should retain the power to govern itself and make the final decision, with AI in an assisting role
3. AI systems should conform to international norms and standards with respect to human values and people rights and acceptable behaviour
First, the principle of well being.
The development of AI should serve the common wellbeing and interests of humankind. Its design and application must follow the basic ethics of human society and respect human dignity and rights;