(1) Human centric
Utilization of AI should not infringe upon fundamental human rights that are guaranteed by the Constitution and international norms.
AI should be developed and utilized and implemented in society to expand the abilities of people and to pursue the diverse concepts of happiness of diverse people. In the AI utilized society, it is desirable that we implement appropriate mechanisms of literacy education and promotion of proper uses, so as not to over depend on AI or not to ill manipulate human decisions by exploiting AI.
AI can expand human abilities and creativity not only by replacing part of human task but also by assisting human as an advanced instrument.
When using AI, people must judge and decide for themselves how to use AI. Appropriate stakeholders involved in the development, provision, and utilization of AI should be responsible for the result of AI utilization, depending on the nature of the issue.
In order to avoid creating digital divide and allow all people to reap the benefit of AI regardless of their digital expertise, each stakeholder should take into consideration to user friendliness of the system in the process of AI deployment.
(9) Responsibility for Human
AI need to keep human safe, on the basis that this safety consideration do not directly and indirectly harm human society. AI need to help Human for transformation to future human becoming.
3. The Principle of Autonomy: “Preserve Human Agency”
Published by: The European Commission’s High-Level Expert Group on Artificial Intelligence in Draft Ethics Guidelines for Trustworthy AI
Autonomy of human beings in the context of AI development means freedom from subordination to, or coercion by, AI systems. Human beings interacting with AI systems must keep full and effective self determination over themselves. If one is a consumer or user of an AI system this entails a right to decide to be subject to direct or indirect AI decision making, a right to knowledge of direct or indirect interaction with AI systems, a right to opt out and a right of withdrawal.
Self determination in many instances requires assistance from government or non governmental organizations to ensure that individuals or minorities are afforded similar opportunities as the status quo. Furthermore, to ensure human agency, systems should be in place to ensure responsibility and accountability. It is paramount that AI does not undermine the necessity for human responsibility to ensure the protection of fundamental rights.
7. Principle of ethics
Published by: Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications (MIC), the Government of Japan in AI R&D Principles
Developers should respect human dignity and individual autonomy in R&D of AI systems.
It is encouraged that, when developing AI systems that link with the human brain and body, developers pay particularly due consideration to respecting human dignity and individual autonomy, in light of discussions on bioethics, etc.
It is also encouraged that, to the extent possible in light of the characteristics of the technologies to be adopted, developers make efforts to take necessary measures so as not to cause unfair discrimination resulting from prejudice included in the learning data of the AI systems.
It is advisable that developers take precautions to ensure that AI systems do not unduly infringe the value of humanity, based on the International Human Rights Law and the International Humanitarian Law.
7. Principles of human dignity and individual autonomy
Published by: Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications (MIC), the Government of Japan in Draft AI Utilization Principles
Users should respect human dignity and individual autonomy in the utilization of AI systems or AI services.
[Main points to discuss]
A) Respect for human dignity and individual autonomy
With consideration of social contexts in the utilization of AI, users may be expected to respect human dignity and individual autonomy.
B) Attention to the manipulation of human decision making, emotions, etc. by AI
Users may be expected to pay attention to the risks of the manipulation of human decision making and emotions by AI and risks of excessive dependence on AI.
It is crucial to consider who takes what measures against such risks.
C) Reference to the discussion of bioethics, etc. in the case of linking AI systems with the human brain and body
When linking AI with the human brain and body, users may be required to particularly take into consideration that human dignity and individual autonomy will not be violated, in light of discussions on bioethics, etc.