· 6. IMPORTANCE OF MAXIMUM TRANSPARENCY AND TRUTHFULNESS IN INFORMATION ON THE LEVEL OF DEVELOPMENT, CAPABILITIES AND RISKS OF AI TECHNOLOGIES

6.1. Credibility of information about AIS. AI Actors are encouraged to provide AIS users with credible information about the AIS, acceptable and most effective methods of using the AIS and the harm, benefits, and existing limitations of their use. 6.2. Raising awareness of the ethics of AI application AI Actors are encouraged to carry out activities aimed at increasing the level of trust and awareness of citizens who use AISs and society in general. This should include increasing awareness of the technologies being developed, the features of the ethical use of AISs and other provisions accompanying the development of AIS. This promotion could include the development of journal articles, the organization of scientific and public conferences and seminars, and the inclusion of rules of ethical behavior for users and operators in the rules of the AIS.
Principle: Artificial Intelligence Code of Ethics, Oct 26, 2021

Published by AI Alliance Russia

Related Principles

2. Artificial intelligence should operate on principles of intelligibility and fairness.

Companies and organisations need to improve the intelligibility of their AI systems. Without this, regulators may need to step in and prohibit the use of opaque technology in significant and sensitive areas of life and society. To ensure that our use of AI does not inadvertently prejudice the treatment of particular groups in society, we call for the Government to incentivise the development of new approaches to the auditing of datasets used in AI, and to encourage greater diversity in the training and recruitment of AI specialists.

Published by House of Lords of United Kingdom, Select Committee on Artificial Intelligence in AI Code, Apr 16, 2018

Chapter 1. General Principles

  1. This set of norms aims to integrate ethics into the entire life cycle of AI, to promote fairness, justice, harmony, safety and security, and to avoid issues such as prejudice, discrimination, privacy and information leakage.   2. This set of norms applies to natural persons, legal persons, and other related organizations engaged in related activities such as management, research and development, supply, and use of AI. (1) The management activities mainly refer to strategic planning, formulation and implementation of policies, laws, regulations, and technical standards, resource allocation, supervision and inspection, etc. (2) The research and development activities mainly refer to scientific research, technology development, product development, etc. related to AI. (3) The supply activities mainly refer to the production, operation, and sales of AI products and services. (4) The use activities mainly refer to the procurement, consumption, and manipulation of AI products and services.   3. Various activities of AI shall abide by the following fundamental ethical norms. (1) Enhancing the well being of humankind. Adhere to the people oriented vision, abide by the common values of humankind, respect human rights and the fundamental interests of humankind, and abide by national and regional ethical norms. Adhere to the priority of public interests, promote human machine harmony, improve people’s livelihood, enhance the sense of happiness, promote the sustainable development of economy, society and ecology, and jointly build a human community with a shared future. (2) Promoting fairness and justice. Adhere to shared benefits and inclusivity, effectively protect the legitimate rights and interests of all relevant stakeholders, promote fair sharing of the benefits of AI in the whole society, and promote social fairness and justice, and equal opportunities. When providing AI products and services, we should fully respect and help vulnerable groups and underrepresented groups, and provide corresponding alternatives as needed. (3) Protecting privacy and security. Fully respect the rights of personal information, to know, and to consent, etc., handle personal information, protect personal privacy and data security in accordance with the principles of lawfulness, justifiability, necessity, and integrity, do no harm to the legitimate rights of personal data, must not illegally collect and use personal information by stealing, tampering, or leaking, etc., and must not infringe on the rights of personal privacy. (4) Ensuring controllability and trustworthiness. Ensure that humans have the full power for decision making, the rights to choose whether to accept the services provided by AI, the rights to withdraw from the interaction with AI at any time, and the rights to suspend the operation of AI systems at any time, and ensure that AI is always under meaningful human control. (5) Strengthening accountability. Adhere that human beings are the ultimate liable subjects. Clarify the responsibilities of all relevant stakeholders, comprehensively enhance the awareness of responsibility, introspect and self discipline in the entire life cycle of AI. Establish an accountability mechanism in AI related activities, and do not evade liability reviews and do not escape from responsibilities. (6) Improving ethical literacy. Actively learn and popularize knowledge related to AI ethics, objectively understand ethical issues, and do not underestimate or exaggerate ethical risks. Actively carry out or participate in the discussions on the ethical issues of AI, deeply promote the practice of AI ethics and governance, and improve the ability to respond to related issues.   4. The ethical norms that should be followed in specific activities related to AI include the norms of management, the norms of research and development, the norms of supply, and the norms of use.

Published by National Governance Committee for the New Generation Artificial Intelligence, China in Ethical Norms for the New Generation Artificial Intelligence, Sep 25, 2021

· 1. THE MAIN PRIORITY OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF AI TECHNOLOGIES IS PROTECTING THE INTERESTS AND RIGHTS OF HUMAN BEINGS COLLECTIVELY AND AS INDIVIDUALS

1.1. Human centered and humanistic approach. In the development of AI technologies, the rights and freedoms of the individual should be given the greatest value. AI technologies developed by AI Actors should promote or not hinder the realization of humans’ capabilities to achieve harmony in social, economic and spiritual spheres, as well as in the highest self fulfillment of human beings. They should take into account key values such as the preservation and development of human cognitive abilities and creative potential; the preservation of moral, spiritual and cultural values; the promotion of cultural and linguistic diversity and identity; and the preservation of traditions and the foundations of nations, peoples and ethnic and social groups. A human centered and humanistic approach is the basic ethical principle and central criterion for assessing the ethical behavior of AI Actors, which are listed in the section 2 of this Code. 1.2. Respect for human autonomy and freedom of will. AI Actors should take all necessary measures to preserve the autonomy and free will of a human‘s decision making ability, the right to choose, and, in general, the intellectual abilities of a human as an intrinsic value and a system forming factor of modern civilization. AI Actors should, during AIS creation, assess the possible negative consequences for the development of human cognitive abilities and prevent the development of AIS that purposefully cause such consequences. 1.3. Compliance with the law. AI Actors must know and comply with the provisions of the legislation of the Russian Federation in all areas of their activities and at all stages of the creation, development and use of AI technologies, including in matters of the legal responsibility of AI Actors. 1.4. Non discrimination. To ensure fairness and non discrimination, AI Actors should take measures to verify that the algorithms, datasets and processing methods for machine learning that are used to group and or classify data concerning individuals or groups do not intentionally discriminate. AI Actors are encouraged to create and apply methods and software solutions that identify and prevent discrimination based on race, nationality, gender, political views, religious beliefs, age, social and economic status, or information about private life. (At the same time, cannot be considered as discrimination rules, which are explicitly declared by an AI Actor for functioning or the application of AIS for the different groups of users, with such factors taken into account for segmentation) 1.5. Assessment of risks and humanitarian impact. AI Actors are encouraged to assess the potential risks of using an AIS, including the social consequences for individuals, society and the state, as well as the humanitarian impact of the AIS on human rights and freedoms at different stages, including during the formation and use of datasets. AI Actors should also carry out long term monitoring of the manifestations of such risks and take into account the complexity of the behavior of AIS during risk assessment, including the relationship and the interdependence of processes in the AIS’s life cycle. For critical applications of the AIS, in special cases, it is encouraged that a risk assessment be conducted through the involvement of a neutral third party or authorized official body when to do so would not harm the performance and information security of the AIS and would ensure the protection of the intellectual property and trade secrets of the developer.

Published by AI Alliance Russia in Artificial Intelligence Code of Ethics, Oct 26, 2021

· 5. INTERESTS OF DEVELOPING AI TECHNOLOGIES ABOVE THE INTERESTS OF COMPETITION

5.1. Correctness of AIS comparisons. To maintain the fair competition and effective cooperation of developers, AI Actors should use the most reliable and comparable information about the capabilities of AISs in relation to a task and ensure the uniformity of the measurement methodologies. 5.2. Development of competencies. AI Actors are encouraged to follow practices adopted by the professional community, to maintain the proper level of professional competence necessary for safe and effective work with AIS and to promote the improvement of the professional competence of workers in the field of AI, including within the framework of programs and educational disciplines on AI ethics. 5.3. Collaboration of developers. AI Actors are encouraged to develop cooperation within the AI Actor community, particularly between developers, including by informing each other of the identification of critical vulnerabilities in order to prevent their wide distribution. They should also make efforts to improve the quality and availability of resources in the field of AIS development, including by increasing the availability of data (including labeled data), ensuring the compatibility of the developed AIS where applicable and creating conditions for the formation of a national school for the development of AI technologies that includes publicly available national repositories of libraries and network models, available national development tools, open national frameworks, etc. They are also encouraged to share information on the best practices in the development of AI technologies and organize and hold conferences, hackathons and public competitions, as well as high school and student Olympiads. They should increase the availability of knowledge and encourage the use of open knowledge databases, creating conditions for attracting investments in the development of AI technologies from Russian private investors, business angels, venture funds and private equity funds while stimulating scientific and educational activities in the field of AI by participating in the projects and activities of leading Russian research centers and educational organizations.

Published by AI Alliance Russia in Artificial Intelligence Code of Ethics, Oct 26, 2021

· 2. MECHANISM OF ACCESSION AND IMPLEMENTATION OF THE CODE

2.1 Voluntary Accession. Joining the Code is voluntary. By joining the Code, AI Actors agree to follow its recommendations. Joining and following the provisions of this Code may be taken into account when providing support measures or in interactions with an AI Actor or between AI Actors. 2.2 Ethics officers and or ethics commissions. To ensure the implementation of the provisions of this Code and the current legal norms when creating, applying and using an AIS, AI Actors appoint officers on AI ethics who are responsible for the implementation of the Code and who act as contacts for AI Actors on ethical issues involving AI. These officers can create collegial industry bodies in the form of internal ethics commissions in the field of AI to consider the most relevant or controversial issues in the field of AI ethics. AI Actors are encouraged to identify an AI ethics officer whenever possible upon accession to this Code or within two months from the date of accession to the Code. 2.3. Commission for the Implementation of the National Code in AI Ethics. In order to implement the Code, a commission for the implementation of the Code in the field of AI ethics (hereinafter referred to as the Commission) being established. The commission may have working bodies and groups consisting of representatives of the business community, science, government agencies and other stakeholders. The Commission considers the applications of AI Actors wishing to join the Code and follow its provisions; it also maintains a register of Code members. The activities of the Commission and the conduct of its secretariat are carried out by the Alliance for Artificial Intelligence association with the participation of other interested organizations. 2.4. Register of Code participants. To accede to this Code, the AI Actor sends a corresponding application to the Commission. The register of AI Actors who have joined the Code is maintained on a public website portal. 2.5. Development of methods and guidelines. For the implementation of the Code, it is recommended to develop methods, guidelines, checklists and other methodological materials to ensure the most effective observance of the provisions of the Code by the AI Actors 2.6. Code of Practice. For the timely exchange of best practices, the useful and safe application of AIS built on the basic principles of this Code, increasing the transparency of developers' activities, and maintaining healthy competition in the AIS market, AI Actors may create a set of best and or worst practices for solving emerging ethical issues in the AI life cycle, selected according to the criteria established by the professional community. Public access to this code of practice should be provided.

Published by AI Alliance Russia in Artificial Intelligence Code of Ethics, Oct 26, 2021